Chlamydial Diseases

Chlamydia is the most frequently reported sexually transmitted bacterial disease. Over 1.3 million cases of chlamydia were reported to the CDC in 2010. However, this number is thought to be grossly underestimated as most people with chlamydial infections have no symptoms and thus go undiagnosed.
Chlamydial disease
The most frequently isolated species causing an STD is C. trachomatis. Chlamydia is transmitted through anal, oral, and vaginal sex, and it can be transmitted from mother to child during vaginal childbirth. Symptoms of chlamydial disease vary widely. Males may have few or no manifestations; however, complications can exist.These include a urethral discharge, burning during urination, itching, and inflammation of the male reproductive structures. Females may be asymptomatic or have a severe infection of the cervix and urethra. Symptoms in women include abnormal vaginal discharge and burning on urination. Bacteria can spread from the vaginal areas to the rectum.
Chlamydial disease in throat
The infection may also spread from the cervix to the fallopian tubes, leading to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), with symptoms of abdominal pain, back pain, fever, nausea, and unusual vaginal bleeding. Furthermore, chlamydial infections of the throat can occur in men or women who have oral intercourse with infected partners. In pregnant females, chlamydia! infections are especially serious because they are directly related to miscarriage, stillbirth, inclusion conjunctivitis, and infant pneumonia.
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